Episode 8 American College Campus Part 2

In this episode, we explore the the American college and university campus as it developed in the 19th and 20th centuries. This episode is the second of two about campuses. we look at how societal philosophies and trends influence the layouts of campuses, their public spaces and their buildings.The college campus is an excellent example of a type of public space/prototypical town or small city on its own, always with a pedestrian network. It is an integral element in a common experience of the modern planning professional as well as the seminal growing up experience of every post-WWII generation.
Notes for episodes 7 and 8
American College and University Campus

In episodes 7 and 8, we look at the history of the American college and university campus from the commencement of British American settlement through modern times. The open and public spaces of campuses, as well as the design of buildings and overall layouts, reflect societal trends, philosophies, and prejudices as much as the changing purpose of higher education itself. We explore starting with the first colleges, their charters and founding as institutions meant to educate upper class white men through the post World War II period that has seen a democratization of higher education.  

Our moments in equity for these two episodes look at how college establishment and funding were intimately connected to the slave trade, slave labor, and the profits from the sale of slaves in the British colonies and in the pre-Civil War United States.

Paul Venable Turner, Campus: An American planning tradition (MIT Press 1987)
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Harvard Square is famous for a lot of things, History, Harvard Square Business Association – https://www.harvardsquare.com/history/ 
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Moments in Equity
Stephen Smith and Kate Ellis, Shackled Legacy – History shows slavery helped build many U.S. colleges and universities, American Public Media Reports (Sept. 4, 2017) – https://www.apmreports.org/episode/2017/09/04/shackled-legacy 
Yoruhu Williams, Why Thomas Jefferson’s Anti-Slavery Passage Was Removed from the Declaration of Independence, History.com (June 29, 2020) – https://www.history.com/news/declaration-of-independence-deleted-anti-slavery-clause-jefferson 
Nancy Clanton, Sally Hemings: Mother of 6 of Thomas Jefferson’s children was also his property, Atlanta Journal Constitution (Feb. 27, 2019)– https://www.ajc.com/news/national/sally-hemings-mother-six-thomas-jefferson-children-was-also-his-property/oKIBF28ni64Yv4i6x2NHJM/#:~:text=Jefferson%20fathered%20all%20six%20of,Hemings%20continued%20in%20the%20interview
Rachel Swarns, 272 Slaves Were Sold to Save Georgetown. What Does It Owe Their Descendants?, NY Times (Apr. 16, 2016) – https://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/17/us/georgetown-university-search-for-slave-descendants.html 
Timeline of abolition of slavery and serfdom, Wikipedia (Updated Mar. 12, 2022) – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_abolition_of_slavery_and_serfdom 
Episode 8 American College Campus Part 2
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